What is a congenital heart defect
When the heart or blood vessels near the heart do not develop normally before birth, a condition called congenital heart defect occurs (congenital means “existing at birth”).
Congenital heart defects occur in close to one per cent of infants. Most young people with congenital heart defects are living into adulthood now.
There are many disorders of the heart that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed below are some of the congenital heart defects.
Septal defects : Some congenital heart defects allow blood to flow between the right and left chambers of the heart because an infant is born with an opening in the wall (or septum) that separates the right and left sides of the heart.
Atrial septal defect (ASD) — In this condition, there is an opening between the two upper chambers of the heart–the right and left atria–causing an abnormal blood flow through the heart.
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) — In this condition, a hole is present between the two lower chambers of the heart. Because of this hole, blood from the left ventricle flows back into the right ventricle, due to higher pressure in the left ventricle. This causes extra blood to be pumped into the lungs by the right ventricle, which can create congestion in the lungs. while some VSDs close on their own, others require surgery to repair the hole.
Aortic stenosis (AS) — In this condition, the aortic valve between the left ventricle and the aorta did not form properly and is narrowed, making it difficult for the heart to pump blood to the body. A normal valve has three leaflets or cusps, but a stenotic valve may have only one cusp (unicuspid) or two cusps (bicuspid).
Pulmonary stenosis (PS) — The pulmonary, or pulmonic, valve, located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery, opens to allow blood to flow from the right ventricle to the lungs. When a defective pulmonary valve does not open properly, it causes the heart to pump harder than normal to overcome the obstruction.
Bicuspid aortic valve — In this condition, an infant is born with a bicuspid valve which has only two flaps. (A normal aortic valve has three flaps that open and close). If the valve becomes narrowed, it is more difficult for the blood to flow through, and often the blood leaks backward.
Subaortic stenosis — This condition refers to a narrowing of the left ventricle just below the aortic valve. Normally, blood passes through it to go into the aorta.
Coarctation of the aorta (coarct) — In this condition, the aorta is narrowed or constricted, obstructing blood flow to the lower part of the body and increasing blood pressure above the constriction. Usually there are no symptoms at birth, but they can develop as early as the first week after birth.
Complex Congenital Surgery:
ASO, TOF, Double Switch, AV Canal Repairs, Repairs of DORV, Repairs of the valves, ROSS Procedure, Truncus Repair, Pulmonary artesia PA VSD and Repair of Conduit
The Estimate Includes:
1. Bed charges
2. Clinical Lab Charges
3. Professional Charges
4. Nursing Charges
5. Dietary Charges for the patient and an attendant
6. Operation Theatre charges
7. Anesthetist charges
8. Procedure charges
9. Meet & Greet at the Airport.
The Estimate Excludes:
1. Stay outside the hospital, cost of the same is not included in the above estimate and is payable on actual.
2. Any outpatient consultations and medicines which are required during the follow-up will not be a part of the estimate.
3. The estimate cost is for the number of days indicated above, if situation demands to extend stay in hospital, the additional days stay would be charged accordingly.
4. Cost for additional or multiple implants will be charged at actual.
5. Special Investigations referred by other departments or if situation demands any additional investigation would be charged accordingly.