Urology is a branch of medicine involved in the study of male and female urinary tract and the reproductive tracts of males. Urology surgery includes any surgical procedures that may involve the kidneys, ureters, urethra and bladder.
One of the most common urologic procedures that can be done overseas is the removal and treatment of kidney stones. Urology surgery is common for males, particularly those that are already with advancing age. Regular check-ups are necessary for early detection before they develop into a more serious health issue later on.
Urology surgery covers different areas of concern. It may be done to remove a tumor or stones but it may also be done to address a reproductive concern such as vastectomy.
Why Travel Overseas for a Urologic Surgery?
Many patients choose to have a urologic surgery as part of their medical travel because of the lower cost in Asian countries compared when done in the US or the UK. Oftentimes a urologic surgery is done via a minimally invasive technique posing lesser complications and minimal recovery time so they will also have enough time to explore the wonders that Asia has to offer. It is like becoming healthy in mind and body.
Many reason out that the cost they would spend for the procedure in the US or UK can be better spent on a vacation overseas. In the US, a prostate gland removal can cost as much as $50,000 to $60,000, while in India the cost starts from $2,500 to $3,000.
What are the Types of Urologic Surgeries and Procedure Done Overseas?
There are various types of urologic surgeries and procedures that urologists in Asia can perform with ease. This includes:
- Lithotripsy (Kidney Stone Removal)
- Kidney Transplant
- Penile Frenuloplasty (Lengthening Penile Frenulum)
What are the Common Side Effects of a Urologic Surgery?
Depending on the type of surgery you will have, the side effects will vary. Laparoscopic surgeries are prone to nerve injury due to improper positioning of the patient during the procedure. The most common nerves affected are the ulnar, peroneal and brachial plexus.
Patients may also develop gas embolism, muscle weakness and deep vein thrombosis.
How Do I Prepare for a Urologic Surgery?
Before you are scheduled for a surgery, you will need to undergo various tests to confirm if you are medically cleared to be placed under anesthesia or whether your body can withstand the strain of surgery.
Some evaluation tests may include an electrocardiogram and chest x-ray to check the status of your heart and lungs.
Depending on your surgery, your anesthesiologist will meet you the night before the procedure to explain the details of your treatment. During this time, you will be asked for any allergies you may have or the medications you are currently taking.
Some medications such as Coumadin, Plavix and aspirin interfere with the blood’s ability to clot, which is a significant factor during the surgery and the healing process. You may be asked to stop taking these drugs a week or two prior to the procedure.
To help identify possible bleeding complications during and after the surgery, your surgeon will ask you to only have clear liquids one day before. You should also minimize intake of solid foods and dairy products to avoid the possibility of bowel prep.
Several hours before your urologic surgery, you will be asked not to take anything orally to reduce any anesthetic complications such as aspiration pneumonia.
How long is the Recovery Period after a Urologic Surgery?
Recovery time varies in relation to the urologic procedure done. Open surgeries often take longer healing time, about 4 weeks to 6 weeks, because of the larger incisions. Minimally invasive procedures will only take about one to two weeks.