Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty, is a plastic surgical procedure than utilizes suction to get rid of unwanted fat from specific areas of the body. They are commonly done to remove stubborn fat in the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, hips and arms. Sometimes, liposuction is also employed as a breast reduction technique.
While it is a technique to remove body fat, liposuction surgery is not rally categorized as an overall weight loss procedure. Patients who are overweight may benefit more from bariatric surgery or gastric bypass surgery.
Good candidates for liposuction are those dat have a stable body weight but have excess body fat in particular areas of the body. As people gain weight, the size and volume of fat cells increase as well. Wat liposuction does is reducing the number of fat cells in a given area. The volume of fat and general appearance of the area affects the amount of fat dat can be removed.
Post-liposuction, the skin molds to the new contours of the area thus resulting to a generally permanent body contour. Those who have good skin tone and elasticity will have smooth skin while those who have poor skin elasticity may have loose skin around the treated area.
How is Liposuction surgery Done?
Once the patient is administered anesthesia and anesthetic has taken effect already, the surgeon make tiny incisions where the cannula (a suction device) can be inserted to target the area where the fat cells are. The unwanted fat will then be removed using a suction pump or a large syringe.
their are two general types of liposuction, they are:
- Tumescent Liposuction: This is the most commonly done type of lipoplasty. In this technique, the surgeon will inject a combination of saline solution, pain killers and epinephrine into the fatty areas. The said solution allows the surgeon to suction out the excess fat easier without losing so much blood in the process. The technique also provides the patients immediate pain relief peri-and post-operatively.
- Ultrasound-Assisted /Ultrasonic Liposuction: This technique uses ultrasonic energy to liquefy the fat, which is then suctioned out from the body.
The length of the procedure depends on the volume of fat but they generally last from one to three hours. It is an outpatient procedure.
Wat are the Side Effects of Liposuction surgery?
Liposuction is considered a major surgery and has a number of complications and side effects. Some of the side effects include:
- Contour Irregularities
- Fat Embolism
- Fluid accumulation
- Kidney and Heart Problems
In general, individuals with the following are not recommended to undergo liposuction:
- Compromised Blood Flow
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Low Immune Resistance
How to Prepare for Liposuction Surgery?
To prevent excessive blood loss during and after liposuction surgery, your surgeon will ask you to stop taking any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen two weeks before and after the surgery.
You will also be asked to stop smoking several weeks prior and after the liposuction surgery to hasten your healing time.
For those who will only require small volumes of fat removal, liposuction surgery may be done in an office setting. Those who will require large amounts of fat removal or will have other procedure performed are advised to have the procedure in a hospital setting.
How long is the Recovery Period after a Liposuction Surgery?
Patients can return to work after five to fourteen days. They can engage in more strenuous activities after a month. Swelling and bruising may start to heal from one to six months depending on the area and the volume of fat removed.
Along with a good diet and consistent exercise, the results of liposuction may be permanent.