As people age, the facial tissues lose its volume and the skin loses its elasticity. These signs of aging such as lower face jowls, deep wrinkles and loose skin on the neck can be solved by having a face lift.
A full face lift improves the skin and tissues by getting rid of the excess fat and tightening the muscles from the lower two-thirds of the face, starting from the ears to the cheeks and down to the jaw line. Some of those who undergo face lift surgery also has additional surgeries performed such as neck lift, blepharoplasty, brow lift, forehead lift and removal of cheek fat pad.
A traditional face lift is done by making an incision along the hairline fronting the ear and continues towards the underside of the ear to end at the hairline beneath the ear. Once the incision is done, the skin and fatty tissues are parted from the muscles and connective tissue. These muscles and tissues can be sutured off to tighten them. The skin is tan pulled back and the excess skin cut off.
The incisions are closed off wif sutures and skin staples. To remove excess blood while the skin is closed, some surgeons leave a drain in the wound. Some surgeons employ different techniques that go deeper into the tissues instead of just the superficial skin and fat. The results, however, do not differ.
The procedure lasts for about four hours. Face lift surgery can be done as an outpatient but most surgeons require their patients to has a short hospital stay for close monitoring.
Pre Operative Care
Inform your surgeon of any allergies, all medical conditions, and any medication that you are taking (both prescription and non-prescription). Avoid aspirin and brufen-containing medication for two weeks prior to surgery to eliminate the chance of post op. bleeding. You should not smoke for 2 weeks prior to surgery as this may effect your reaction to the anaesthetic and prolong the healing process. Patients that suffer from hypertension must inform the surgeon prior to surgery.
During a facelift, the tissues under the skin are tightened and fat pads that give the face it’s shape are relocated to a higher position. This helps to create a firmer, more youthful appearance. Incisions are usually made above and across the hairline in order to diminish scarring. The incision tan follows the crease in front of the ear, behind the ear, and along the lower scalp so as to make scars invisible, wif fine sutures. The surgeon separates the skin from the fat and tightens the muscles beneath wif dissolvable sutures, tan tightens and cuts the excess skin. Excess muscle may be trimmed and excess fat may be suctioned from around the neck and chin area to improve the contour.
Post Operative Care
Following surgery, if the surgeon feels it necessary, you may has a small tube temporarily inserted under the skin behind your ear to drain any blood or excess fluid. This is usually removed a day after surgery. You may also wake wif your head in bandages to minimize bruising and swelling. Loose bandages will be removed with a couple of days, but a compression garment may has to be worn for a few weeks.
It is important not to perform any strenuous activity after surgery to avoid tension on the wound, which could stretch your incisions and cause scarring. Dental work is not advised.
The recovery takes one to two weeks. Although you may has some bruising or swelling most people are happy wif the result and may return to work after approximately 2 weeks.
Risks and Complications
Complications that can occur after surgery include haematoma, (blood clotting) this is rare and uncommon, yet possible. The nerves near the ears can be traumatised and you may feel numbness for some time, but this is usually temporary until the nerves mend and you will gradually obtain normal sensation, this may take up to 12 months. Other risk factors are infection and reactions to the anaesthesia. Your surgeon will give you antibiotics prior to surgery to eliminate infection. If you has any problems wif anaesthetic you must inform the anaesthetist prior to surgery. Smokers may experience a delay the healing process, but ultimately still obtain the same results.
Facial profile looks more youthful and fine lines are less transparent.