Joint replacement surgeries are removing a damaged joint and putting in a new one. A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, and shoulder.
Hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace a worn out or damaged hip with a prosthesis (an artificial joint). This surgery may be considered following a hip fracture (breaking of the bone) or for someone who has severe pain due to arthritis.
A traditional hip replacement involves an incision several inches long over the hip joint. A newer approach that uses 1 or 2 smaller incisions to perform the procedure is called minimally invasive hip replacement. However, the minimally invasive procedure is not suited for all candidates for hip joint replacement surgeries. The doctor will determine the best procedure for a person, based on that individual’s situation.
Occasionally, a patient may need both hips replaced. Depending on the condition of the patient surgeons may opt to perform both hip replacements during one operation. This is known as bilateral hip joint replacement surgery. Patients who cannot tolerate a long procedure or anesthetic may be advised to have two separate hip replacements. A bilateral hip replacement takes double the time on the table and under anesthesia – about three to four hours.
Knee Replacement Surgery
When a knee is so severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered. Knee surgery, also called arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to resurface a knee damaged by arthritis. Metal and plastic parts are used to cap the ends of the bones that form the knee joint, along with the kneecap.
Sometimes the cartilage wears away in both knees, and there is a need to implant prosthesis in both knees. This is termed a Bilateral Total Knee Replacement. It can be performed in a single instance or in stages. A simultaneous procedure means to replace both knees on the same day, under one anesthesia. This takes place in the same surgical event, within one hospital stay and is followed by a single rehabilitation period. The staged procedure means that both knee replacements take place as two separate surgical events. Surgeries are performed several months apart one from the other, requiring two hospital stays, two anesthesias and two rehabilitation periods. However, the simultaneous procedure is not available to every patient with problems in both knees, because it implies a high stress for the cardiovascular system. Only patients in a good health condition are appropriate candidates, and special emphasis should be made for an adequate patient selection. Also the initial rehabilitation is slightly more difficult .
The goal of knee surgery in is to resurface the parts of the knee joint that have been damaged and to relieve knee pain that cannot be controlled by other treatments. It may also help to restore motion of knees and straighten the limbs.
Medical Tourism for Knee Replacement & Surgery
For Medical Tourism for Knee Replacement & Surgery , India is a popular medical tourism destination. The Joint Replacement Surgeries in India are affordable than most of other countries.